The Joker has appeared in various forms of media since the 1960s. These have ranged from live-action films, television series, animated projects, and video games. The following is a list of Joker's appearances in other media and the actors who have portrayed him.
- 1 Live-Action
- 2 Animation
- 2.1 Television
- 2.2 Film
- 3 Video Games
- 4 Prose
- 5 Toys
- 6 Miscellaneous
The Joker made his media debut in the 1960s Batman series, played by Cesar Romero. Drawing inspiration from the Silver Age versions of the character, he is depicted as one of Batman's arch villains. Despite the more light-hearted take, Joker is depicted as being willing to kill if necessary and often leaves the Dynamic Duo in "death traps". Joker was one of the most recurring "arch-villains", sharing episode and appearance count with the Penguin. The character also appeared in the theatrical film Batman: The Movie as a member of United Underworld, with Romero reprising his role from the show.
Birds of Prey
The Joker appears in flashbacks for Birds of Prey, portrayed by Roger Stoneburner. However, his voice is provided by Mark Hamill, who received credit for the role. Joker is seen in flashbacks for the series, most prominently in those for Oracle in her time as Batgirl. In addition to paralyzing Barbara Gordon, Joker was responsible for hiring Clayface to kill Catwoman to drive Batman out of Gotham. He is mentioned to have been locked up in a prison far from New Gotham. However, his actions live on through his old partner Harley Quinn, who intends to bring the city under control in his name.
Due to an agreement between Fox and Warner Bros, the TV series Gotham did not have the rights to explicitly use the Joker. However, the first season featured several characters either hinted towards him or were implied to be prototype versions of the character, including a comedian at Fish Mooney's club and a child who dons a Red Hood gang's mask.
From the episode "The Blind Fortune Teller", the show features Jerome Valeska, a member of Haly's Circus turned serial killer. As the series progresses, he begins to mimic the Joker's behavior more closely, including an obsession to Bruce Wayne. After Jerome is killed off in the fourth series, his twin brother, Jeremiah, takes over his role in the series and turns Gotham City into a No Man's Land. He remains a large presence until the series' conclusion, though showrunner Bruno Heller has refused to state whether he becomes the Joker or inspires another person to do so. The Valeska brothers are both portrayed by Cameron Monaghan.
The Joker serves as the main antagonist of the 1989 film, played by Jack Nicholson. The film is known for establishing one of the most prominently used aliases for the character, Jack Napier, and for establishing an intertwined past with Batman. In the film, the Joker is a former mobster who, after being disfigured in a battle with Batman, vows to outdo and kill the Dark Knight. Nicholson's Joker takes inspiration from early Golden Age depictions of the character, though elements like his gag weapons also appear.
The Joker also appears in Christopher Nolan's second Batman film The Dark Knight, played by the late Heath Ledger. Depicted as a new criminal on the scene, he targets both Batman and Gotham in a scheme to apparently unmask and kill the vigilante. Like the comics, this version of the Joker is given no definitive past and conflicting backstories. Unlike other depictions of characters, Joker's design draws more heavily from realism, with the character using makeup and sporting a Glasgow smile. Joker's characterization also draws heavily from stories like The Killing Joke.
The film's version of the Joker has often been praised, with Ledger's performance receiving the most attention. The actor also won a Oscar for Best Supporting Actor posthumously, having passed away six months before the film's release.
Snyder-Era DC Films
The Joker features in the "DC Extended Universe" played by Jared Leto. The character features as a secondary antagonist in 2016's Suicide Squad. Depicted as Gotham's Criminal King, he is shown in flashbacks for Harley Quinn's origin and capture. In the main story, he attempts to sabotage Task Force X's mission to rescue her. Joker also appears briefly in Birds of Prey, depicting him and Quinn breaking up. He also appears in a post-credits scene for the director's cut of Justice League, which shows him as one of the survivors of the "Knightmare" timeline and an ally to the surviving Justice League members.
Unlike previous depictions, the Joker is more heavily inspired by then-complementary depictions of criminals and gangsters.
A possible origin for the Joker serves as the main focus of 2019 film Joker. The film follows failed stand-up comedian Arthur Fleck, played by Joaquin Phoenix. The film details Fleck's mental instability and decent into crime, causing him to create the alternative personality as Joker, delving further into crime and mayhem. The creators of the film left it ambiguous if Fleck is the true Joker or merely a precursor.
Phenix's performance as Fleck has garnered praise, with his performance earning him an Oscar: the second for a actor's performance as the Joker.
The Adventures of Batman
The Joker appeared as a recurring adversary in the 1969 Filmation series The Adventures of Batman. He also appears in episodes of the 1972 series The New Scooby-Doo Movies in the Scooby-Doo Meets Batman, alongside the Penguin. In all appearances, the Joker is voiced by Larry Storch.
The Joker was planned to be a main villain and part of the Legion of Doom on Challenge of the SuperFriends, but Filmation already had the rights to the character for The New Adventures of Batman. However he appeared inThe Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians episode, "The Wild Cards" which featured a version of the Royal Flush Gang. The leader of the group, Ace, turned out to be a disguised Joker (voiced by Frank Welker).
DC Animated Universe
The Joker appears in many episodes of the DC Animated Universe shows, including Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures. He also appears in the Superman: The Animated Series crossover story World's Finest, where he and Lex Luthor team up to defeat both Superman and Batman. Joker also appears in the Justice League stories "Injustice for All", as a member of the Injustice Gang, and "Wild Cards", as the leader of the Royal Flush Gang. Joker also appears in the Static Shock episode "The Big Leagues".
The Joker does not feature directly in the sequel series Batman Beyond, as the character is presumed missing after a traumatic battle with Batman. His actions have inspired various street gangs to mimic his appearance and motif, many of which are referred to as the Jokerz. During the episode "Joyride", a skeleton dressed in the Joker's suit can be seen in the gang's initiation cave, many speculating that it is actually his remains. Joker returns in the film Batman Beyond: Return of the Joker, pitting him against the new Batman and revealing his fate in the DCAU.
In all appearances, the Joker is voiced by Mark Hamill.
The Joker appears in the Young Justice episode "Revelations" voiced by Brent Spiner. He is a member of the Injustice League, and takes part in their plan to hold the world hostage using Poison Ivy's plants by actually manipulating the plants. He is mostly absent from the Injustice League's fight with Young Justice until Ivy's plant creature is destroyed, whereafter he attacks Robin. When the Injustice League is surrounded by the JLA and Young Justice teams, he manipulates the plants into a suicide assault, releasing Joker Venom spores into the air before being knocked out by Batman. The spores are absorbed by Doctor Fate, and no one is actually killed.
The Joker appears as a main character in the Harley Quinn series, voiced by Alan Tydyk.
Batman: Under the Red Hood (2010)
Batman: The Killing Joke (2016)
The Lego Batman Movie (2017)
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The Burtonverse Joker appears in many tie-in releases to the 1989 Batman film. Many of the games emulate moments from the film, including the Joker's origin at Axis Chemicals and the final encounter at the Old Gotham Cathedral.
The Joker also appears in various tie-in games for Batman: The Animated Series and The New Batman Adventures. These include Batman: The Animated Series for the GameBoy, The Adventures of Batman & Robin for the SNES, Sega Genesis and the Sega CD, and Batman: Chaos in Gotham for the GameBoy Color. Joker also serves as the main antagonist of Batman: Vengeance and makes several cameo appearances in Batman: Rise of Sin Tzu. Hamill reprises his role in the Mega CD versions of The Adventures of Batman & Robin and Batman Vengeance.
Joker has crossed over into the Mortal Kombat series; as a mainline character in the DC crossover game Mortal Kombat vs DC Universe and a guest DLC character in Mortal Kombat 11. In these appearances, he is voiced by Richard Epcar.
LEGO Video Games
Batman: Arkham series
Joker serves as one of the principle antagonists of the Batman: Arkham Series, voiced by Hamill (in Batman: Arkham Asylum, Batman: Arkham City and Batman: Arkham Knight) and Troy Baker (in Batman: Arkham Origins)
DC Universe Online
The role of The Joker is reprised by Mark Hamill in DC Universe Online.
The Joker appears as a playable character in both Injustice: Gods Among Us and its sequel, Injustice 2. The series features two different versions of the character, one from the Injustice Universe and another from the "Prime" Universe. Both versions are voiced by Richard Epcar, reprising his role from Mortal Kombat vs DC Universe.
Batman: The Telltale Series
See: The Joker (Telltale)
- The Joker serves as one of the main villains of Batman: The Caped Crusader.
- The Joker appears as the final boss in the Batman: Return of the Joker game, which severs as a loose sequel to the NES Batman game.
- The Joker appears in Batman: Dark Tomorrow. On the orders of Ra's al Ghul, he take Commissioner Gordon hostage and starts a riot at Arkham Asylum, releasing all the inmates.
Published in 1990, The Further Adventures of The Joker (edited by Martin H. Greenberg) assembled 20 short stories about the Clown Prince of Crime. The content of its material ranged from macabre to campy. All of the stories featured in the book are considered non-canon in relation to the main DC Comics continuity.
LEGO released a line of licensed products based on Batman. The Joker is featured in two sets; one with his purple helicopter from the movie, while Batman pilots his Batwing and the second with a Joker themed ice cream truck, while Batman drives the Tumbler. The Joker's appearance is similar to the standard likeness in the comics.
In 2012 LEGO had a new line of sets and made a new version of the set featuring the Joker's helicopter and the Batwing. Other sets including the Joker are the Dynamic Duo's Funhouse Escape, Arkham Asylum Breakout (which features Joker in an orange jumpsuit) and The Joker Steam Roller (which features a Fedora wearing Joker).
OnStar TV commercials
Theme Park Attractions
There are a few theme park attractions themed to the Joker. The Joker's Jinx, a twisting steel roller coaster in Six Flags America, follows the Joker's dominantly purple and green color scheme, and his mad laughter is played during the ride queue.
The current version of the motion simulator ride Batman Adventure - The Ride at Warner Bros. Movie World revolves around the Dark Knight attempting to foil the Joker's plan of spreading his deadly Joker Gas throughout Gotham from an airship.
In Six Flags Great America The Dark Knight coaster (based off the movie) is an indoor ride, where Joker interrupts Harvey Dent's speech and takes control of the T.V.s. You go through a corridor before entering the ride, seeing all cameras hacked by Joker. The ride ends when you are supposedly saved by Batman.